C 14 dating of dead sea scrolls
It is now becoming increasingly clear that the Old Testament scripture was extremely fluid until its canonization around A. In the most commonly told story the shepherd threw a rock into a cave in an attempt to drive out a missing animal under his care.
The shattering sound of pottery drew him into the cave, where he discovered several ancient jars containing scrolls wrapped in linen.
Another theory was that two young boys were looking for a lost goat and came upon some of them. carried out a number of interviews with several men going by the name of Muhammed edh-Dhib, each relating a variation on this tale.
The scrolls were first brought to a Bethlehem antiquities dealer named Ibrahim 'Ijha, who returned them after being warned that they may have been stolen from a synagogue.
The texts are of great religious and historical significance, as they include practically the only known surviving copies of Biblical documents made before 100 AD, and preserve evidence of considerable diversity of belief and practice within late .
According to "The Oxford Companion to Archeology", "The biblical manuscripts from Qumran, which include at least fragments from every book of the Old Testament, except perhaps for the Book of Esther, provide a far older cross section of scriptural tradition than that available to scholars before.
While some of the Qumran biblical manuscripts are nearly identical to the Masoretic, or traditional, Hebrew text of the Old Testament, some manuscripts of the books of Exodus and Samuel found in Cave Four exhibit dramatic differences in both language and content.
By the end of 1947, Sukenik received word of the scrolls in Mar Samuel's possession and attempted to purchase them. The quality of his photographs often exceeded that of the scrolls themselves over the years, as the texts quickly eroded once removed from their linen wraps.No deal was reached, and instead the scrolls found the attention of Dr. In March of that year, the , the new Director of ASOR, some additional scroll fragments that he had acquired.The scrolls then fell into the hands of Khalil Eskander Shahin, "Kando", a cobbler and antiques dealer.By most accounts the Bedouin removed only three scrolls following their initial find, later revisiting the site to gather more, possibly encouraged by Kando.Alternatively, it is postulated that Kando engaged in his own illegal excavation: Kando himself possessed at least four scrolls.